The formal meetings of the parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are called “Conference of the parties” (COP), also referred to as the United Nations Climate Changes Conferences. They are held on a yearly basis and their main function is to gauge and judge the progress in dealing with climate change. From 2005 the Conferences have also served as the "Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol" (CMP); also from 2011 these conferences became a platform to debate the “Paris Agreement” until its conclusion in 2015.
What is UNFCC? The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted on 9 May 1992. It is an international environmental treaty that aims at stabilizing “greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system". The aim from the framework is to skeletonize the negotiations around some protocols and agreements (which are international treaties) to be able to approach the UNFCCC objectives. The UNFCCC has 197 parties as of December 2015.
UNFCCC is also the name of the United Nations Secretariat charged with supporting the operations of the Convention.
The 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24), also known as the Katowice Climate Change Conference, was held between the 2nd and 14th of December, 2018 in Katowice, Poland. The outcome awaited from this conference was stating the set of rules that will enable the parties to carry out the 2015’s Paris Agreement. That will also be our topic of Discussion in COP24 – ITUMUN 2019. The world is facing unperceived high levels of green houses in the atmosphere which enforces the importance of implementing the Paris Agreement as soon as possible. However, the road to combatting climate change is a rough one as some countries like the United States of America; that, in fact, left the Paris Agreement, believe that it may present an obstacle to its economic prosperity.